Pre-Workout Ingredients Explained: The Good and Bad

What makes a great pre-workout?

The difference between an average and great pre-workout is the ingredients and dosages. 

Its important to know which ingredients work, and which ingredients you should avoid.

Benefits of using a quality pre-workout supplement:

  • Strength boost - lift more weight for more reps.
  • Improved endurance - train longer at higher intensities.
  • Enhanced mental focus - be focused on your workout, spend less time on your phone.
  • Intense muscle pumps - feel great, look even better.

After you read this guide, youll know exactly which ingredients are good and bad in a pre-workout - so youll be sure to experience the full benefits.

Ultimately, youll get the best value for your money, and most importantly, get results.

The Top 5 Ingredients in a Pre-Workout

When youre searching for a top quality pre-workout supplement, its easy to get lost in the countless different products on the market.

However, you should know that there are specific ingredients that make up a top quality pre-workout.

Ultimately, a products ingredients list determines its overall effectiveness. 

Well take you through our top 5 ingredients that you should look out for on your search for a quality pre-workout.

Take a look:




This is a great addition to any pre-workout. Its an amino acid thats extracted from watermelons that turns into L-Arginine in your kidneys after oral supplementation.

What does this do?

Answer: Increases your nitric oxide levels.

Nitric Oxide is important as it allows your blood vessels to widen.

This results in increased blood flow - meaning youll experience intense muscle pumps in the gym.

Why not just take L-Arginine directly?

Answer: L-Arginine has a poor absorption rate -  so its ineffective in actually raising your L-Arginine levels.

On the other hand, L-Citrulline has a great absorption rate. 

So its more beneficial to supplement L-Citrulline to raise your nitric oxide levels - for great muscle pumps.

L-Citrulline is one of the best ingredients you can find in a pre-workout supplement. As it increases your nitric oxide levels, its able to enhance muscular endurance and reduce muscle fatigue too.


Things To Remember About L-Citrulline:

  • L-Citrulline ensures you have intense muscle pumps: It turns into L-Arginine in your kidneys -> L-Arginine raises your nitric oxide levels -> heightened nitric oxide levels means an increase in blood flow -> increased blood flow results in intense muscle pumps during your workout.
  • L-Citrulline has a better absorption rate than L-Arginine: L-Citrulline is more effective in raising your L-Arginine levels.




Creatine is a molecule thats found in meats, eggs, and fish. But its difficult to consume enough through your diet to experience any benefits.

How does it work?

Answer: By rapidly producing energy called ATP - meaning your body will release energy during periods of stress (like when your lifting weights in the gym).

This results in you experiencing enhanced strength and endurance during your workouts. Creatine Monohydrate has been supplemented for a very long time - its one of the best tried-and-trusted ingredients out there.

However, it can come with risks of side effects such as stomach cramping and diarrhea when taken in large doses. This is why its important to check the doses of ingredients

Look for a serving of around 1,000mg of Creapure pH10 - this will keep you on the safe side and away from any potential side effects and Creapure pH10 is the purest and most effective form of creatine monohydrate.


Things To Remember About Creatine Monohydrate:

  • Enhances strength - Lift heavier weights in the gym and make faster progress on your physique.
  • Boosts endurance - Push out those extra few reps at the end of your sets.
  • Its tried and tested - Creatine Monohydrate has been around for ages and is very safe and effective.



Now you know the best ingredients, you need to know which can cause side effects. Why?

Its important to know which ingredients are harmful to stay safe. Its arguably just as important as knowing which ingredients are the best.

Well take you through ingredients that can cause side effects, but are used still in pre-workouts.

Take a look:

 DMAE Bitartrate

This is a choline molecule thats believed to improve your memory and reaction time.

However, while there hasnt been many studies conducted on this ingredient, DMAE has been shown to be teratogenic (meaning it can cause defects in unborn infants).

Not only that, supplement companies still include DMAE in supplements. Companies claim that it boosts your mental function - but theres no evidence of DMAE delivering this benefit.

Weve even seen DMAE in pre-workouts marketed specifically at women, which is very concerning. Remember - DMAE can cause defects in unborn infants.

We strongly recommend staying away from products containing this ingredient.


Why You Should Avoid DMAE Bitartrate:

  • DMAE can cause defects in unborn infants (its teratogenic) - This is a serious side effect, and DMAE isnt worth taking the risk on.
  • No studies have proven that it works - Theres no evidence to prove that it provides any benefits at all.

 Synephrine (Bitter Orange Peel)

More commonly known as Bitter Orange Peel, this is a molecule that delivers very similar effects as Ephredrine.

This is a problem - Ephedrine was banned by the FDA for the second time (where its been banned in the US ever since) due to its dangerous side effects.

Ephedrine caused side effects such as:

  • Nausea
  • High blood pressure
  • Fainting

However, Ephedrine was an effective fat loss ingredient (Ephedrine promotes fat loss by encouraging your body to burn more body fat as a fuel source), as well as stimulant.

For this reason, supplement companies began looking for an alternative. This is when Bitter Orange Peel began being used in pre-workout products.


Bitter Orange Peel has similar properties - its believed to be the perfect Ephedrine replacement. But dont be fooled - Synpherines just as dangerous as Ephedrine.

It comes with the same risks, so avoid this ingredient to stay safe. Although it can be used as a stimulant, the most effective and safe stimulant is Caffeine.


Why You Should Avoid Bitter Orange Peel: 

  • Its can cause nausea, high blood pressure, and fainting - Bitter Orange Peel is equally as dangerous as Ephedrine (which is banned in the US).
  • Caffeine is a more effective stimulant in pre-workout supplements - Caffeine is much safer.


This ingredient is a stimulant that has can provide quick spikes of energy that works similar to Ephedrine (which has been banned in the US), Adrenaline, and Caffeine.

However, DMAA is unsafe when consumed.

Its shown to cause side effects such as:

  • Rapid heartbeat
  • High blood pressure
  • Increased risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke.

DMAA could also ruin a competitive athletes career - it will show up as Amphetamines (a banned drug in competitive sports) in urine tests.

These side effects should be enough to keep you away from this ingredients.

Only consume products that contain ingredients that are 100% and side effects free to stay safe.


Why You Should Avoid DMAA: 

  • It causes side effects like rapid heartbeat and high blood pressure - Its not worth risking these side effects by consuming DMAA, which can lead to more severe conditions.
  • Youll fail a drug test after taking DMAA - This ingredient shows up as Amphetamines in your urine, meaning it can be very risky for competitive athletes to consum



As well as the harmful ingredients listed above, there are other things that you need to be aware of when choosing a pre-workout supplement.

Theres a number of gimmicks that supplement companies use to try and cut costs and maximize their profits.

Meaning youll be wasting your hard earned cash if you become a victim of their gimmicks.

But dont worry - weve got you covered below.

Heres the last thing to be on the lookout for when choosing a pre-workout supplement:

Proprietary Blends warning-sign

This is definitely one of the biggest gimmicks in the supplements industry.

Whats a proprietary blend?

Answer: A mixture of numerous ingredients that are shown to you as one overall quantity.proprietary-blend

Whys this bad?

Answer: Youll never know the exact amount of each individual ingredient inside these blends.

This is a problem - if youre sensitive to a specific ingredient inside, you risk experiencing unwanted side effects when taking a product containing a proprietary blend.

Proprietary blends are also given fancy names (eg. Sustained Performance Blend with Ballistic Energy Matrix) - to make you believe a product is better than it really is.

But dont be fooled. Proprietary blends are usually filled with cheaper, ineffective ingredients, with a minimal amount of beneficial ingredients. Ultimately, this means the overall product containing the blend will be ineffective.

Bottom Line

You should know the exact amount of each individual ingredient that youre putting into your body to stay safe and make sure youre getting an effective product.

We strongly recommend that you avoid proprietary blends.

Instead, choose products that are completely transparent and let you know exactly whats inside in their exact amounts - so you get the best value for your cash.

Why You Should Avoid Proprietary Blends: 

  • You dont know what youre getting - Proprietary Blends dont show you the exact amount of each individual ingredient contained. You should know exactly what youre putting into your body to stay safe.
  • They put you at risk of side effects - You risk experiencing side effects as there could be large doses of certain nutrients (eg. Beta Alanine causes paresthesia in doses over 0.8g-1g).
  • Not good value for money - Companies use them to cut costs and fool you into believing their products are more effective than they really are.
Check Out The Best Pre-Workouts This Year!

Here are the best natural pre-workouts on the market for:

  • Energy Boosts 
  • Enhanced Strength & Endurance 
  • Increased Focus
  • Skin-Splitting Muscle Pumps

Show Me The Full List!